Tönnies, Ferdinand (Julius)


Tönnies, Ferdinand (Julius)
o Ferdinand (Julius) Toennies

(26 jul. 1855, cerca de Oldenswort, Schleswig–9 abr. 1936, Kiel, Alemania).

Sociólogo alemán. A partir de 1881 fue docente en la Universidad de Kiel, principalmente. En su obra Comunidad y sociedad (1887) exploró las diferencias entre la noción orgánica de sociedad o Gemeinschaft ("comunidad como grupo social basado en normas tradicionales y un sentimiento compartido de solidaridad) y la noción de sociedad basada en el contrato social o Gesellschaft ("sociedad como grupo social que se mantiene cohesionado por el interés individual y racional). A su juicio, todas las sociedades presentan en la práctica elementos de ambos tipos de organización, porque la conducta humana no es ni totalmente instintiva ni completamente racional.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Tönnies, Ferdinand (Julius) — or Ferdinand (Julius) Toennies born July 26, 1855, near Oldenswort, Schleswig died April 9, 1936, Kiel, Ger. German sociologist. From 1881 he taught principally at the University of Kiel. In Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft (1887; Community and… …   Universalium

  • Ferdinand — /ferr dn and /, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning bold and peace. * * * I born April 19, 1793, Vienna, Austria died June 29, 1875, Prague, Bohemia Emperor of Austria (1835–48). He was the eldest son of Emperor Francis II, who… …   Universalium

  • Julius — /joohl yeuhs/, n. a male given name: a Roman family name. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricola Gnaeus Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Cohn Ferdinand Julius Cohnheim Julius Friedrich Erving Julius Winfield Frontinus Sextus Julius Fuchs Emil Klaus… …   Universalium

  • Julius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Julius Caesar Cohn, Ferdinand (Julius) Cohnheim, Julius Friedrich Erving, Julius (Winfield) Scaliger, Julius Caesar y Joseph Justus Fuchs, (Emil) Klaus (Julius) Geiger, Theodor Julius… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ferdinand — (as used in expressions) (Ferdinand) Lew(is) Alcindor Aron, Raymond (Claude Ferdinand) Charles Ferdinand de Bourbon Berthoud, Ferdinand Beust, Friedrich Ferdinand, conde von Céline, Louis Ferdinand Louis Ferdinand Destouches Cohn, Ferdinand… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ferdinand Tönnies — Denkmal Büste in Husum Ferdinand Tönnies (* 26. Juli 1855 bei Oldenswort; † 9. April 1936 in Kiel) war Soziologe, Nationalökonom und Philosoph. Mit seinem 1887 er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • sociology — sociologist, n. /soh see ol euh jee, soh shee /, n. the science or study of the origin, development, organization, and functioning of human society; the science of the fundamental laws of social relations, institutions, etc. [1835 45; < F… …   Universalium

  • alienation — alienative, adj. /ayl yeuh nay sheuhn, ay lee euh /, n. 1. the act of alienating. 2. the state of being alienated. 3. Law. a transfer of the title to property by one person to another; conveyance. 4. the state of being withdrawn or isolated from… …   Universalium

  • social science — social scientist. 1. the study of society and social behavior. 2. a science or field of study, as history, economics, etc., dealing with an aspect of society or forms of social activity. [1775 85] * * * Any discipline or branch of science that… …   Universalium

  • Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft — ▪ social theory       ideal types of social organizations that were systematically elaborated by German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (Tönnies, Ferdinand (Julius)) in his influential work Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft (1887; Community and… …   Universalium


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